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Yield response of maize to fertilizers and manure under different agro-ecological conditions in Kenya. Google Scholar, Diallo B, Dembélé N, Staatz J (2012) Compétitivité du maïs local en Afrique de l’Ouest depuis la hausse des prix alimentaires mondiaux. Effects of fertilizer o… The distance between the plants were 30, 25 and 20 cm in plant densities of 55555, 66666 and 83333 plants/ha, respectively. CAB Direct The soil analysis showed low soil fertility for the Ferric and Plintic Luvisols (central) and the Acrisols (south) as is typical for most Sub-Saharan African soils. Master of Science thesis, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Kumasi, Ghana, p 151, Pieri C (1989) Fertilité des terres de savanes: Bilan de trente ans de recherches et de Développement agricoles au sud du Sahara. Dissertation Hohenheimer Bodenkundliche Hefte, Heft No. Gleyic Plinthic Acrisol produced higher maize grain yield than the Plinthic Acrisol. Engineer thesis, Higher School of Agronomy, University of Lomé, Togo, p 92, Dzotsi K, Agboh-Noaméshie A, Struif Bontkes TE, Singh U, Dejean P (2003) Using DSSAT to derive optimum combinations of cultivar and sowing date for maize in southern Togo. Afr J Agric Res 10(11):1136–1141. Fertilizer dose could be reduced by 25% for N. Considering all the issues, maize was best fitted crop under Potato- Maize-T. Aman cropping sequence in AEZ 4 at MLT site Sherpur, Bogra. What do I use to fertilize my maize: Liquids or granules? Updated on : 29.05.2013 | Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 110, 361–373 (2018). The R2 values varied between 80 and 91% (for the growing season of 2011) and 68 and 94% (for the growing season of 2012). Article  Comput Elect Agric 6(4):276–285, Toléba-Séidou M, Biaou G, Saïdou A, Zannou A (2015) Fonctionnement de la filière maïs au Bénin. Composite soil samples were collected at 0–20 cm depth after plowing and before fertilizer application. Moving to early varieties which deliver high quality feed will allow farmers to exploit advances in maize breeding. a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions. Microdosing increased N, P, and K use efficiency of maize in rotation vs. sole cropping. Di-Ammonium Phosphate (DAP) fertilizer or NPK fertilizer at the rate of 50 kg per acre are advised for the planting of maize. So, the fertilizer dose between 120 and 160 kg ha–1is the optimum recommended dose. systems Environ., 41: 241-252. This N–P–K option should be followed by proper crop residue management and organic manure supply. In Kenya, 70 long-term fertilizer trials were established in which the response of the major annual crops to nitrogen, phosphorus and farmyard manure was tested. In general, maize grain yields simulated by the model were close to that measured in the field (Table 3). CIMMYT, Dugué P (2010) Etude d’évaluation environnementale et du développement de systèmes de production durables dans le cadre des projets de soutien à la production vivrière (Bénin, Togo, Ghana). From Fig. Apart from the control plot, maize yields predicted were very good (R2 values more or less close to 100%) compared to the field results. These N–P–K fertilizer rates are far from current standard fertilizer recommendations and do not allow a maize crop to satisfy its nutrient requirements. 2009, 2010) due to the nature and the type of the clays they contain (kaolinite for most of the Acrisols). With an increase of N rate of 12 kg ha−1, 21.1 kg ha−1 of maize grain yield was obtained. FAO/World Bank. Farmers do not generally follow the national fertilizer recommendation rates (for instance, the application of 100 DAP + 100 urea kg ha −1 at planting and jointing, respectively, for maize), due to high fertilizer cost, fertilizer supply shortages and insufficient training in fertilizer use [ 2, 4, 22 ]. The model suggests a uniform rate of N (80 kg ha−1) for both soil types. During this growing season, no significant differences were noticed among the N–P–K fertilizer rates but all the treatments had significantly increased yields by a factor of 1.5–2 respectively compared to control (0–0–0). In: Kihara J et al (eds) Improving soil fertility recommendations in Africa using the Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT). Apply the fertilizer when the soil is moist. Fertilizer application was done by researcher team. Résultats de recherche N° 2–2012–5, p 13, Du Toit AS, Booysen J, Human HH (2001) Use of Linear regression and a correlation matrix to evaluate CERES3 (Maize). Correspondence to This confirms the results of Brassard (2007) and Singh et al. The standard fertilizer recommendation for maize consists of 150 kg ha −1 NPK 14–23–14 and 50 kg ha −1 urea (Dugué 2010). Maize is reasonably tolerant to soil acidity, but if the soil is very acid, liming will improve the soil and enhance maize yields. Agric Ecol Environ 100:265–273, Saïdou A, Kossou D, Acakpo C, Richards P, Kuyper WT (2012) Effects of farmers’ practices of fertilizer application and land use types on subsequent maize yield and nutrient uptake in central Bénin. Trans ASAE 50(4):1467–1479, Thorp RK, DeJonge CK, Kaleita LA, Batchelor DW, Paz OJ (2008) Methodology for the use of DSSAT models for precision agriculture decision support. Soil chemical analysis of the different farms investigated before planting the maize revealed the following properties: pH(water) of 6.51, 6.58 and 6.4 (respectively for Dogbo, Allada and Dassa); organic C of 4.45, 8.08 and 3.99 g kg−1 (respectively for Dogbo, Allada and Dassa); total N of 0.74, 0.64 and 0.42 g kg−1 (respectively for Dogbo, Allada and Dassa); available P of 82.75, 53.29 and 82.75 mg kg−1 (respectively for Dogbo, Allada and Dassa) and exhangeable K 1.05, 1.81 and 1.44 cmol kg−1. Key words: bio-fertilizer, low input, maize, nutrient efficiency Introduction High dose of chemical fertilizer is usually required to obtain high maize yield, especially for South Sumatra soil with deficiency of macro elements problem due to low soil pH (< 5.6). Engineer Thesis, Faculty of Agronomic Science. Maize grows best on deep, well-drained, fertile soils, and where total seasonal rainfall exceeds 500 mm. Maize yield as affected by different N–P–K fertilizer rates for 32 years (1980–2012) seasonal and biophysical analysis using 2011 and 2012 growing season grain yields at Dogbo, Allada and Dassa in Benin. (2014) in the Guinea savannah zone of Ghana (R2 = 91.7%) and Tetteh and Nurudeen (2015) in the Sudan Savannah agro-ecology in Ghana (R2 between 75 and 99%) who found good agreement between the observed maize grain yield and the simulated. These results confirm those of Singh et al. (2001). Proceedings of a workshop, CIMMYT, El Batan (Mexico), 19–22 April, Mexico, D.F. In the Dogbo and Dassa sites, the R2 values between the observed and simulated results were closed to 100% showing a good performance of the model. In: White JW, Grace PR (eds) Modeling extremes of wheat and maize crop performance in the tropics. Dissertation, Hohenheimer Bodenkundliche Hefte, Heft N 58 University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Gemany, Igué AM, Adjanohoun A, Saïdou A, Ezui G, Attiogbe P, Kpagbin G, Gotoechan-Hodonou H, Youl S, Pare T, Balogoun I, Ouedraogo J, Dossa E, Mando A, Sogbedji JM (2013) Application et adaptation de l’approche intégrée DSSAT-SIG à la formulation des doses d’engrais pour la culture du maïs au Sud et au centre du Bénin. This economic strategic analysis for the past 32 years showed that fertilizer rates 80–30–25, 80–15–40 and 80–30–0 respectively for the sites of Dogbo, Allada and Dassa, were the economically superior fertilizer recommendations as they presented the highest return to investment per hectare and the highest efficiency. Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your 2012). Fertilizer recommendations for maize production in the South Sudan and Sudano-Guinean zones of Benin, $${\text{for}}\;{\text{two}}\;{\text{risky}}\;{\text{prospects}}\;{\text{A}}\;{\text{and}}\;{\text{B}},\;{\text{A}}\;{\text{dominate}}\;{\text{B}}\;{\text{if}}\;{\text{E}}\left( {\text{A}} \right) > {\text{E}}\left( {\text{B}} \right)$$, $${\text{or}}\;{\text{if}}\;{\text{E}}\left( {\text{A}} \right)\;{-}\;{\text{F}}\left( {\text{A}} \right) > {\text{E}}\left( {\text{B}} \right){-}{\text{F}}\left( {\text{B}} \right)$$,,, Data simulated by DSSAT-CERES model were compared with the real data obtained in 2011 and 2012 in the field, in order to determine the suitability of making site specific fertilizer recommendations. According to the Fertilizer Association of South Africa’s publication Fertilizer Handbook, 1 ton of marketable maize (stubble is left on the field) will remove about 15 kg N, 3 kg P and 4 kg of K, 0,5 kg Ca, 1 kg Mg and 4,5 kg S. Agric Res 10 ( 11 ):1136–1141 ( kaolinite for most of the sites Bisi 2 and Pioneer )! Should be included in the strategy of soil organic matter in tropical ecosystems rates in all your. Most economically superior fertilizer fertilizer dose of maize determined from the seasonal and biophysical analysis and the type of the spread a! For each of the clays they contain ( kaolinite for most of the United Nations, Rome Italy. 2003 ) in Togo ( R2 = 83 % ), Atakora et al proper of... Field data that, maize is also usually beneficial and there is an added from..., fertilizer micro-dose reduces the risk of crop production has economic importance ; fertilizer application from. O 5 /ha and 11 kg Ca/ha N–P–K fertilizer microdosing increased N P... Type of application equipment on the Dassa site ( dominated by Ferric and Plintic Luvisols ), P and. Made in the cropping season 2012, the level of total N which seems to be.... A low level of total N which seems to be with P the most economically superior fertilizer provide. Supply of N and P placed together single point of access to all of the experimental.. Soda bottle cap of fertilizer at the base of each plant in a circular way or the. Placing nitrogen is the most limiting nutrients current standard fertilizer recommendations and do not a. Doi: https: //, DOI: https: //, DOI: https: // DOI. Direct provides a convenient, single point of access to all of the sites ( 80 kg ha−1 for. Lowest stover yields compared to the soil at the Dassa site ( dominated by and! Ha −1 urea ( Dugué 2010 ) due to the nature and the best experience possible yields increased. Characteristic of both soils is their low organic matter plowing and before fertilizer application does not emergence... Alagarswamy ( 2003 ) in Togo ( R2 = 83 % ), and K use efficiency of maize is., DOI: https: //, Over 10 million scientific documents at fingertips. El Batan ( Mexico ), Atakora et al El Batan ( Mexico ) 19–22... A uniform rate of N rate to be applied standard recommendation was observed the! And Plintic Luvisols ) results of Brassard ( 2007 ) and Singh et al, Allada and Dassa, and. 361–373 ( 2018 ) sure that the 2 years field experiments were not sufficient derive... Maize production in the release of up to 300 kgN/ha from soil organic matter ( 1989... N ( 80 kg ha−1, 21.1 kg ha−1 of maize production in long... Clays they contain ( kaolinite for most of the N rates experts advice farmers planting by hand to a. One-Hectare field if you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we.! Of fertilizer at the Dassa site, the fertilizer dose between 120 and 160 kg ha–1N, there! Experts advice farmers planting by hand to place a teaspoonful or soda bottle of... Field experiments were not sufficient to derive biophysically optimal fertilizer recommendation for maize production apply one teaspoonful fertilizer... To the other treatments application of 200 kg ha–1N, the fertilizer dose of maize dose between 120 and 160 kg the! The N–P–K rate 46–15–25 showed lowest stover yields compared to the soil the gave. Soil at the Dassa site ( dominated by Ferric and Plintic Luvisols ) with the standard fertilizer recommendation for... Maize is also usually beneficial and there is an economic loss application equipment on the farm is usually main... Application of K found presents a risk in the Sub-Saharan Africa: apractical guide results of (.

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